In simple terms, a visa is an official document that allows the person bearing it to enter a foreign country, legally.
It’s not a physical document but a kind of stamp that is either glued or stamped into the bearer’s passport.
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The most common types of Visas for Travel are:
- Tourist Visa/Visitors Visa
- Business Visa
- Work Visa/Employment Visa
- Transit Visa
- Single- and Double-Entry Visas
- Student Visa
Let us now read in detail
We require a visa to do different things in a country. As per visa approval, a person is entitled to undertake activities like staying, studying or working in a foreign country.
Travel, work and business are the most common reasons that a person applies for a visa.
Each country has a different requirement and process for various individual rights to be practiced in their country.
Tourist Visa/Visitors Visa
As the name suggests, these types of visas help you to enter the country for visiting purposes. Regulations vary from country to country.
Grant for the permission to stay varies from 10 days to 90 days depending upon the host country and the nationality of the applicant.
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The best place to read about the rules and regulations for a visitor’s visa is the destination country’s embassy website.
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These types of visas are required when an individual’s purpose of visit to a foreign country is setting up a business there.
It should not be compared with a work visa as they both have different restrictions.
Work Visas allow a person to enter the country, allowing him to work for another company that is not located in the host country.
Most countries will offer a business visa for entry into the host country that is similar to the length of time of a visitor’s visa.
Business visas are useful for executives who frequently travel for meetings, seminars and presentations related to sales and research in different countries.
It is always advisable to check before applying for business visas, just to be clear on the rules and regulations of work in a foreign land.
(Pic credit google image)
Work Visa/Employment Visa
Just as it sounds, a work visa is issued by the host country to allow the visitor to work legally in the host country.
The application process is different for all countries, but the visa application process can take anywhere from 10 days to three months.
The basic documents required for this type of visa are:
- A valid passport with 1 yrs left for expiration
- Passport photos
- Application/ job contract/letter of intent
- Criminal background affidavit
These applications are filled in person at the local consulate or embassy mostly.
Another important point to remember is most countries require you not to be currently in the host country while applying for a work visa.
A transit visa is required by some countries that emphasizes mostly political security.
Transit visas are needed when you are landing in a country for a shorter period, during your transit, this visa is valid for a specified time before you leave.
In other words, this stay is primarily the waiting period to catch another plane or to transfer to another train, bus or car.
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Generally, these transit visas are only good for three days, but this can be extended to the choice of transport to leave the country.
Single- and Double-Entry Visas
These can be called the sub of all the above-mentioned visas.
For example, you can have a work visa that is a single entry, or a transit visa that is a double entry.
A single entry means you can enter the country once, and a double entry means you can enter the country twice.
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Generally, the application process is the same, but the application processing fee for double entry visas are higher.
As the name suggests these types of visas are issued to students who choose to study abroad for their higher education.
The basic requirement for this type of Visa is the acceptance of the applicant in the foreign land for his study and the availability of funds to cater for his education.